NPS National Pension Scheme Details

NPS National Pension Scheme Details

NPS National Pension Scheme Details New Pension Scheme State Government Employees NPS Pension Scheme pension System Pension Plans fund Employee Pension Scheme Contribution Pension Scheme PRAN CRA NSDL CPS website form Government of India National Pension NPS Scheme Rules What is NPS Scheme online pfdra NPS Calculation Application Form Download NPS Rules   retirement process details of nps benefits tier I tier II complete guide information  national pension scheme application form download State  government employees like AP Telangana NPS National Pension Scheme Details 

NPS National Pension Scheme Details

The Central Government had introduced the National Pension System (NPS) with effect from January 01, 2004 (except for armed forces). Pension Fund Regulatory and Development Authority (PFRDA), the regulatory body for NPS, finalised the architecture and appointed NSDL as Central Recordkeeping Agency (CRA) and other entities for National Pension System. Subsequently, various State Governments adopted this architecture and implemented NPS with effect from different dates.

In NPS, a government employee contributes towards pension from monthly salary along with matching contribution from the employer. The funds are then invested in earmarked investment schemes through Pension Fund Managers."

What is National Pension System ? 

“National Pension System” (NPS) means the contributory pension system whereby contributions from a subscriber are collected and accumulated in an individual pension account called PRAN using a system of points of presence, a central recordkeeping agency and pension funds as may be specified by regulations. The Central Government has introduced the Defined Contribution based Pension System known as the National Pension System (NPS) replacing the existing system of Defined Benefit Pension with effect from January 01, 2004 vide its notification Ministry of Finance (Department of Economic Affairs) OM No 5/7/2003 PR Dt 22/12/2003.

What are the benefits of NPS ?

  1. t is transparent - NPS is transparent and cost effective system wherein the pension contributions are invested in the pension fund schemes and the employee will be able to know the value of the investment on day to day basis.
  2. It is portable - Each employee is identified by a unique number and has a separate Permanent Retirement Account which is portable i.e., will remain same even if an employee gets transferred to any other office.
  3. It is simple - All the subscriber has to do, is to open an account with his/her nodal office and get a PRAN.
  4. It is regulated - NPS is regulated by PFRDA, with transparent investment norms & regular monitoring and performance review of fund managers by NPS Trust.
  5. The additional tax benefit to the employees joining NPS as per the Income Tax Act, 1961 is perhaps the finest USP of the scheme. A subscriber's contribution to NPS tier I upto 10% of the salary (Basic +DA) is tax exempt under sec 80 CCD (i) with a ceiling of Rs.1.00 lacs under section 80 CCE. Besides, the employers' contribution upto 10% of the salary (Basic +DA) is also tax exempt in the hands of the employee under Section 80 CCD (2) of Income Tax Act. This exemption is over and above the Rs.1.00 lac limit, thus making NPS the exclusive option for this tax treatment.

Can a Subscriber get loan under NPS ?

No. At present, a subscriber cannot avail a loan against his / her NPS holdings.

What is the interest on NPS Funds ?

As per the present guidelines of Pension Fund Regulatory & Development Authority (PFRDA, the regulator for NPS), in case of government employees, contributions towards pension are invested by three Pension Fund Managers (PFMs), viz., LIC Pension Fund Limited, SBI Pension Funds Private Limited and UTI Retirement Solutions Limited as per the stipulated guidelines. There is no investment return guarantee. The returns under NPS are totally market based i.e. they are based on the NAV of the Pension Fund schemes. The benefits will entirely depend upon the amount contributed and the investment growth upto the point of exit from NPS.

Can Subscribers close the NPS account - PRAN ?

PRAN allotted under NPS is unique and portable. The PRAN can be shifted from one office to another. Further, the PRAN remains active in the CRA system till the Subscriber exits from NPS. Once the Subscriber exercises the exit option (i.e., on successful processing of withdrawal request), the PRAN will get deactivated in the CRA system.

Who is the regulator for NPS ?

PFRDA is the regulator for NPS. Pension Fund Regulatory and Development Authority (PFRDA) is an Authority set up by the Government of India through the PFRDA Act 2013 to promote old age income security by establishing, regulating and developing pension funds to protect the interest of subscribers to schemes of pension funds and for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto.

Who are the other entities in NPS ?

NPS architecture consists of NPS Trust which is entrusted with safeguarding subscribers interests, a Central Recordkeeping Agency (CRA) which maintains the data and records, Point of Presence (POP) and aggregators as collection and distribution arms, competing pension fund managers for generating and maximizing returns on investments of subscribers, custodian to take care of the assets purchased by the Fund managers and Trustee bank to manage the banking operations. 

Read More about CPS :


The entities involved in NPS are as follows:
  1. NPS Trust : The National Pension System Trust (NPS Trust) was established by PFRDA on27th February, 2008 with the execution of the NPS Trust Deed. The NPS Trust has been set up and constituted for taking care of the assets and funds under the National Pension System (NPS) in the interest of the beneficiaries (subscribers). Individual NPS subscribers shall be the beneficiaries of the NPS Trust. The NPS fund are managed by the Board of Trustees to realize and fulfill the objectives of the NPS Trust in the exclusive interest of the Subscribers.
  2. Central Recordkeeping Agency (CRA): The recordkeeping, administration and customer service functions for all subscribers of the NPS are being handled by NSDL e-Governance Infrastructure Limited, which is acting as the Central Record-keeper for the NPS.
  3. Pension Fund Managers (PFMs): The Pension Fund Managers (PFMs) means an intermediary which has been granted a Certificate Of Registration by the Authority as a Pension Fund for receiving contributions, accumulating them and making payments to the subscriber in the manner as may be specified by the Authority.
  4. Trustee Bank : Axis Bank Ltd has been appointed by PFRDA as the Trustee Bank for National Pension System (NPS) effective from 1st July, 2013. Trustee Bank as an intermediary is responsible for the day-to-day flow of funds and banking facilities in accordance with the guidelines/ directions issued by the Authority under NPS. It receives NPS funds from all Nodal Offices and transfers the same to the Pension Funds / Annuity Service Providers/other intermediaries as per the operational guidelines.
  5. Annuity Service Providers (ASPs): ASPs would be responsible for delivering a regular monthly pension to the subscriber after he/she exit from the NPS. ASP have been appointed by PFRDA.
  6. Point of Presence (POP): Points of Presence (POPs) are different financial Institutions who acts as the first points of interaction of the NPS subscriber with the NPS architecture. The authorized branches of a POP, called Point of Presence Service Providers (POP-SPs), will act as collection points and extend a number of customer services to NPS subscribers.
  7. Central Recordkeeping Agency Facilitation Center (CRA-FC): CRA-FC is the entity appointed by NSDL to extend various services under NPS, to its users across the country. The entities who have been appointed as CRA-FC shall establish multiple branches across the country to provide services to the POPs and POP-SPs.
  8. Corporate Head Office (CHO): A Corporate wishing to provide NPS to its employees under the Employer - Employee relation, can join NPS by registering as a Corporate Head Office through a POP. The different branches of the corporate can be registered as a Corporate Branch Office (CBO).

What are the Services Offered by CRA 

Following are the services offered by CRA to the Subscribers:
  1. CRA registers the Subscribers and allot unique Permanent Retirement Account Number (PRAN) to them.
  2. CRA issues a PRAN card and User-ID, I-PIN and T-PIN to access CRA website and CRA call centre.
  3. CRA maintains the Permanent Retirement Account of the Subscribers and facilitates the creation of units in Subscribers account as per the contribution details and funds received from the Nodal Offices.
  4. At the end of every financial year, CRA sends a physical Transaction Statement to the Subscriber containing the details of the transactions in Subscribers Permanent Account. The Transaction Statement as on March 31st of every year will be sent within 3 months i.e. before June 30th.
  5. CRA registers grievances (received through CRA system or through G1 form) and send the resolution details to the Subscribers by e-mail.
  6. CRA provides I-PIN based login to CRA website for subscribers to view their account details.

NPS National Pension Scheme Details New Pension Scheme State Government Employees NPS Pension Scheme pension System Pension Plans fund Employee Pension Scheme Contribution Pension Scheme PRAN CPS website form Government of India National Pension NPS Scheme Rules What is NPS Scheme online pfdra NPS Calculation Application Form Download NPS Rules   retirement process details of nps benefits tier I tier II complete guide information  national pension scheme application form download State  government employees like AP Telangana NPS National Pension Scheme Details

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